Branch Offices/Focal Points:
established nine focal points in the cities of Port Sudan,
Kassala, Gadarif, El-Damar, Shendi, Kosti, El-Obied, Nyala,
Wad Medani and El-Fashir. The focal point usually comprises
a lawyer or a group of lawyers who volunteer to provide pro
bono legal services and participate in the training sessions
in their vicinity. Mutawinat contributes to rent and start
up expenses of focal points whenever possible.
better legal services Mutawinat has started to gradually
forming partnerships with already existing NGOs/CBOs that
have similar mandates or encourage local community activists
to establish new NGOs/CBOs. We have partnerships and
UNHCR, UNDP, The Norwegian
Christian Aid. So far Mutawinat has either raised funds or
partnered with other organizations to implement the
Direct Legal Aid
receives cases through various sources: courts, police
stations, prisons, lawyers and sometimes people may walk in
to request legal aid. In 2003 Mutawinat started a hot line
service. The phone number (0183-762527) appears in the
various Mutawinat publications and is provided to clients to
give to others who may need services. Mutawinat has also
signed a letter of understanding with the legal aid office
at the Attorney General, according to which the AG sends
cases to Mutawinat. The Ministry of Interior also directs
some cases to the Mutawinat. However, word of mouth remains
a strong means of propagating Mutawinat’s work.
Legal Awareness & Human Rights Education
Awareness project was initiated in 1997. It developed into
a small project of Legal Awareness, Human Rights Education,
and Paralegal Training in 2000 by funding from Christian Aid
organization covering only Khartoum state and targeting
women in the outskirts of the cities and IDPs camps. This
project works to:
Provide legal rights education.
Raise public awareness using brochures, pamphlets,
newsletters and oral lessons for non-literate people.
Improve Monitoring, Reporting and Documentation on
violations of the rights of women.
Improve the local communities’ human rights awareness
components of the program include:
Legal Services for
Mutawinat established an on-site legal aid clinic at the
Women’s Prison of Omdurman that proved to be an effective
legal aid provider that covers the different legal needs of
Advocacy for legal reform and lobbying activities:
been increasingly involved in advocacy work, legal reform
and lobbying activities. To advocate for and build support
for issues related to Juvenile Justice, child and women
rights, Mutawinat deploys a number of strategies that
include networking, carrying out of training workshops,
dissemination of information, and use of mass media
continues, with the help of its funders and partners, to
grow into a strong organization that keeps up with the
changes in the Sudan.
There are 8 current
activities conducted under 4 main programs:
1) Direct Legal Aid:
Includes, representation of
poor women and children in courts, writing appeals,
follow-up cases, payment of fines under necessary cases,
also it includes, regular visit to Prisons and reformatories
(twice a week) to follow-up cases, monthly symposiums about
basic legal knowledge for imprisoned women, and detained
2) Production of Legal
These pamphlets produced to
diffuse information on different current laws and issues,
below are the 20 pamphlets that have been produced so far:
• Nationality Law of
• Personal Status Law for
Muslims Act of 1991 (three brochures on Custody,
Maintenance, and Divorce).
• Labor Law of 1997 (2
pamphlets on the Work Contract, and governing the work of
women and children).
• Rent Act.
• Evidence Law.
• Public Orders and
• Criminal Act of 1991.
• Criminal Procedures
• The Rules of Treatment
of Prisoners, and Prisons Management.
• Drugs Law.
• The Status of Sudanese
Women in The Constitution of 1998.
• The procedures of Civil
• Juvenile Welfare Act of
• The Idea of Paralegal.
• The African Charter for
• The Harmonization of
Juvenile Welfare Act of 1983 and the International
Convention on Rights of
• Non-official summary of
the United Nations Convention on the elimination of All
forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).
These pamphlets inform
literate women who in turn help us spread the word verbally
among non-literate women. They are also used for purposes
of training of law enforceent officials on gender issues.
3) Training Program:
Mutawinat is leading very
successful training programs for different
target groups as follows:
• Judges. *
• Police and Prisons
• Scouts Leaders (boys
and girls). *
• Community Leaders
• Religious Leaders.
• Trade Unionists.
• Small Scale
• Cooperative Societies
trained on harmonization of the Convention on the Rights of
Child (CRC) content and the Current laws. They were also
provided with information on other international
conventions. As well as gender issues in law enforcement.
In 1998, Mutawinat staff
benefited from a training of trainers offered by Women in
Development in Africa (WiLDAF).
(Mutawinat Group succeeded in using WiLDAF’s Women’s Legal
Rights Manual , to train literate men and women who live
among the displaced women in displacement camps and
shantytowns. Paralegals who function at the community
based level help women to:
• Access legal services
available only in the city center, such as writing a
statement of claim.
• Raise awarenes
regarding the law, therefore have some ability to resist
abuse by police and other law enforcement agents.
• settle legal disputes
within their communities.
10 Paralegal training
sessions have so far been held in Khartoum State and
Direct Legal aid and
As outlined above.
Awareness Program for combating Female Genital Mutilation
This program is for
combating female circumcision/Female Genital Mutilation (FGM),
Mutawinat Group follows an innovative integrated strategy.
We held a workshop that brought together the legal
profession, the media, youth groups, education strategists.
Recommendations were dissemenated to different groups, chief
among the recommendations is a new methodology of research.
The current activities are on leadership and advocacy.
Research,Publications, Discussion Groups and Documentation.
1- Quarterly Newsletters:
Two newsletters are produced
quarterly, CHILDREN FIRST, which covers main and thematic
issues concerning children such as (Immunization, Female
Circumcision, Landmines, Children of War, Child Labor, and
Judiciary system affecting children’s rights and status..
.etc. “MUTAWINAT”, a newsletter that covers different events
with concentration on women’s issues, such as,
constitutional and legal rights, UN Conventions,
international women’s day on March 2000, local law banning
women from work, Orientation session on all major UN and
other international events.
These fora are conducting
periodically (5 fora per year). This program started in 1990
with collaboration of Fredrich Ebert Foundation (FES),
Khartoum Office, many legal issues were discussed, such as
Maintenance, Custody, Labor Laws, Nationality Law, Public
Orders Act, and its the impact women’s mobility in Khartoum
The socio-economic for a,
discussed current issues such as:
-The impact of poverty on
women in law paid work.
-The impact of Structural
Adjustment Policies on women.
-Globalization (Gainers and
-The impact of Common Market
for Eastern and Southern Africa COMESA) Agreements on
Women’s working in Industrial Sector.
The goal of these fora are
-Open up a dialogue of
thematic and important issues.
-Mobilize the participants
to put pressure and lobby government to adopt fair policies.
-Encourage the participants
to adopt legal awareness within their organizations and
Institutions programs and mandate.
The target group are,
National and International NGOs staff, Policy Makers, and
Activists. About 170 participants attended these for a in
3) Researches and
The first research was done
on women’s rights and inflation and it included a survey of
low income women in Khartoum.
A study has been conducted
for reviewing of all laws and regulations, that govern
women and children, the report has been deveopled.
There is a regular meeting
(general meeting) on a monthly basis to discus the work
progress and any problems that arise during programs
implementation, and to go over court cases. Reports must be
submitted by coordinators of each activity. The meeting also
discusses notices and observations by the public or agencies
that Mutawinat conducts business with or at, other NGOs,
stakeholders, and beneficiaries of or services. Mutawinat’s
Strategic Plan Workshop, provided external evaluation of
Mutawinat by other organization.